machines

Title Age Country General description Machine code Modern namesort ascending Name number other names Period Title Type Use Location
Rio tinto (Minas de Rio Tinto) Roman Spain Bucket from a bucket-chain (probably incorrect)? a globular, round-bottomed bronze bowl found in the Rio Tinto mines as a container from a chain of buckets of the type described by Vitruvius RioT-Bc Rio tinto (Minas de Rio Tinto) 160 I AD Rio tinto (Minas de Rio Tinto) bucket-chain draining water
Pompeii 4 (Terme del foro) Roman Italy Installation for a tread-wheel driven bucket-chain date: Ca 80 BC lime incrustation along the walls of the well Pom4-Bc3 Pompeii 4 (Terme del foro) 165 I BC Pompeii 4 (Terme del foro) bucket-chain providing water for a bath
Pompeii 2 (Terme Stabiane) Roman Italy nstallation for tread-wheel-driven bucket chain , possibly geared the northeast shaft wall is heavily encrusted with lime deposited by water lifted within it. Pom2-Bc1 Pompeii 2 (Terme Stabiane) 162 II BC-early I BC Pompeii 2 (Terme Stabiane) bucket-chain
Nemi 1 Italy two bucket-chain pumps with cranks and flywheels (inaccurate restoration) Nem1-Bc Nemi 1 175 second quarter of I (I AD-II AD) Nemi 1 bucket-chain drain the bilge
Naukratis (Egypt) Imperial? Egypt Representation of tread-wheel-driven bucket-chain? a small terracotta (?) relief was found in a well Nauk-Bc Naukratis (Egypt) 174 I AD Naukratis (Egypt) bucket-chain raise water from a well
Londinium (London) Roman United Kingdom two water lifting machine at Gresham Street (GHT00) 1)possibly the one built in about AD63, was a chain of buckets operated by a simple treadwheel (it may have been operated by a geared shaft that was powered by animals) 2)Ironwork found in the cistern formed part of a sturdy bucket chain mechanism from AD110, similarity with Vitruvius one as a double iron chain (duplex ferrea catena). the ironwork suggest that the system was operated either by man power or animal power. GHT00 Londinium (London) GHT00 167 I AD-II AD Londinium (London) bucket-chain for a Roman bath

Gresham St

Gresham Street
England
Hermoupolis 1 Egypt it was located in the centre of the temple “Touna el Gebel” *the water was provided by an adjacent well served by two well pulleys (?) and a gear driven pot garland or bucket-chain a ground level fountain was driven by a chain containers turned by a saqiya gear. * two machines were required here due to the great depth of the well (88m) Heris-Bc2 Hermoupolis 1 Bc2 146 I BC-II BC? Hermoupolis 1 bucket-chain to fill the fountain basin
Herculaneum Julio-Claudian Italy *Maiuri (1958) suggested hand drawing a small amount of water at the ground level however the major supply was done by a tread-wheel driven bucket chain at second floor. * Lead pipes was carried water from a series of cistern to the heating tanks and cold plunge * Casa dell albergo a private house in the town driven water from a wheel. Her-Bc1 Herculaneum Bc1 145 Herculaneum bucket-chain to lift water for “Terme del Foro”
Cyrene (Libya) Graeco-Roman Lybia Ritual bath was connected to female worship of Artemis, there is a shaft which opens on a rock-cut water-tunnel fed by springs. bucket-chain installation (probably it turned by treading a vertical wheel? the rock-cut chambers seems to be Hellenistic, replacement during the empire by means of maintenance Cyrene Cyrene (Libya) 227 IV BC-Roman Cyrene (Libya) bucket-chain the cistern was served by a bucket-chain in the shaft
Cosa 2 Roman Italy two stages of a bucket-chain driven by a human-powered saqiya gear Cosa 2 Cosa 2 226 first quarter of I BC and second half of I AD Cosa 2 bucket-chain

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