machines

Title Age Country General description Machine code Modern namesort descending Name number other names Period Title Type Use Location
Ampurias (Empúries ) Roman Spain a bucket chain for lifting water for a Roman bath Ampu-Bc Ampurias (Empúries ) 161 I AD Ampurias (Empúries ) bucket-chain providing water for a Roman bath
Saalburg Roman Germany The buckets and pulleys were foung, most likely were in use for raising water from the wells (at least 99 wells were excavated). Bad Homburg buckets and pulleys I-II AD Saalburg bucket-chain raise water from a well

Bad Homburg

Bad Homburg vor der HöheHesse
Barzan Roman France gearing, wood of a bucket chain found http://archeovision.cnrs.fr/pdf/vr03_pdf/03_coadic.pdf Bar-Bc Barzan 168 149-166 Barzan bucket-chain
Cosa 1 Roman Italy Acropolis baths elevated cistern, shaft, and water channel strongly suggests the presence of a bucket-chain installation? Cosa 1 Cosa 1 (Italy) 225 Ca 150-125 BC Cosa 1 bucket-chain to lift water for the baths
Cosa 2 Roman Italy two stages of a bucket-chain driven by a human-powered saqiya gear Cosa 2 Cosa 2 226 first quarter of I BC and second half of I AD Cosa 2 bucket-chain
Cyrene (Libya) Graeco-Roman Lybia Ritual bath was connected to female worship of Artemis, there is a shaft which opens on a rock-cut water-tunnel fed by springs. bucket-chain installation (probably it turned by treading a vertical wheel? the rock-cut chambers seems to be Hellenistic, replacement during the empire by means of maintenance Cyrene Cyrene (Libya) 227 IV BC-Roman Cyrene (Libya) bucket-chain the cistern was served by a bucket-chain in the shaft
Herculaneum Julio-Claudian Italy *Maiuri (1958) suggested hand drawing a small amount of water at the ground level however the major supply was done by a tread-wheel driven bucket chain at second floor. * Lead pipes was carried water from a series of cistern to the heating tanks and cold plunge * Casa dell albergo a private house in the town driven water from a wheel. Her-Bc1 Herculaneum Bc1 145 Herculaneum bucket-chain to lift water for “Terme del Foro”
Hermoupolis 1 Egypt it was located in the centre of the temple “Touna el Gebel” *the water was provided by an adjacent well served by two well pulleys (?) and a gear driven pot garland or bucket-chain a ground level fountain was driven by a chain containers turned by a saqiya gear. * two machines were required here due to the great depth of the well (88m) Heris-Bc2 Hermoupolis 1 Bc2 146 I BC-II BC? Hermoupolis 1 bucket-chain to fill the fountain basin
Londinium (London) Roman United Kingdom two water lifting machine at Gresham Street (GHT00) 1)possibly the one built in about AD63, was a chain of buckets operated by a simple treadwheel (it may have been operated by a geared shaft that was powered by animals) 2)Ironwork found in the cistern formed part of a sturdy bucket chain mechanism from AD110, similarity with Vitruvius one as a double iron chain (duplex ferrea catena). the ironwork suggest that the system was operated either by man power or animal power. GHT00 Londinium (London) GHT00 167 I AD-II AD Londinium (London) bucket-chain for a Roman bath

Gresham St

Gresham Street
England
Naukratis (Egypt) Imperial? Egypt Representation of tread-wheel-driven bucket-chain? a small terracotta (?) relief was found in a well Nauk-Bc Naukratis (Egypt) 174 I AD Naukratis (Egypt) bucket-chain raise water from a well

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