machines

Title Age Countrysort descending General description Machine code Modern name Name number other names Period Title Type Use Location
Barzan Roman France gearing, wood of a bucket chain found http://archeovision.cnrs.fr/pdf/vr03_pdf/03_coadic.pdf Bar-Bc Barzan 168 149-166 Barzan bucket-chain
Herculaneum Julio-Claudian Italy *Maiuri (1958) suggested hand drawing a small amount of water at the ground level however the major supply was done by a tread-wheel driven bucket chain at second floor. * Lead pipes was carried water from a series of cistern to the heating tanks and cold plunge * Casa dell albergo a private house in the town driven water from a wheel. Her-Bc1 Herculaneum Bc1 145 Herculaneum bucket-chain to lift water for “Terme del Foro”
Nemi 1 Italy two bucket-chain pumps with cranks and flywheels (inaccurate restoration) Nem1-Bc Nemi 1 175 second quarter of I (I AD-II AD) Nemi 1 bucket-chain drain the bilge
Cosa 1 Roman Italy Acropolis baths elevated cistern, shaft, and water channel strongly suggests the presence of a bucket-chain installation? Cosa 1 Cosa 1 (Italy) 225 Ca 150-125 BC Cosa 1 bucket-chain to lift water for the baths
Pompeii 2 (Terme Stabiane) Roman Italy nstallation for tread-wheel-driven bucket chain , possibly geared the northeast shaft wall is heavily encrusted with lime deposited by water lifted within it. Pom2-Bc1 Pompeii 2 (Terme Stabiane) 162 II BC-early I BC Pompeii 2 (Terme Stabiane) bucket-chain
Pompeii 4 (Terme del foro) Roman Italy Installation for a tread-wheel driven bucket-chain date: Ca 80 BC lime incrustation along the walls of the well Pom4-Bc3 Pompeii 4 (Terme del foro) 165 I BC Pompeii 4 (Terme del foro) bucket-chain providing water for a bath
Cosa 2 Roman Italy two stages of a bucket-chain driven by a human-powered saqiya gear Cosa 2 Cosa 2 226 first quarter of I BC and second half of I AD Cosa 2 bucket-chain
Naukratis (Egypt) Imperial? Egypt Representation of tread-wheel-driven bucket-chain? a small terracotta (?) relief was found in a well Nauk-Bc Naukratis (Egypt) 174 I AD Naukratis (Egypt) bucket-chain raise water from a well
Hermoupolis 1 Egypt it was located in the centre of the temple “Touna el Gebel” *the water was provided by an adjacent well served by two well pulleys (?) and a gear driven pot garland or bucket-chain a ground level fountain was driven by a chain containers turned by a saqiya gear. * two machines were required here due to the great depth of the well (88m) Heris-Bc2 Hermoupolis 1 Bc2 146 I BC-II BC? Hermoupolis 1 bucket-chain to fill the fountain basin
Ampurias (Empúries ) Roman Spain a bucket chain for lifting water for a Roman bath Ampu-Bc Ampurias (Empúries ) 161 I AD Ampurias (Empúries ) bucket-chain providing water for a Roman bath

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