machines

Title Agesort descending Country General description Machine code Modern name Name number other names Period Title Type Use Location
Herculaneum Julio-Claudian Italy *Maiuri (1958) suggested hand drawing a small amount of water at the ground level however the major supply was done by a tread-wheel driven bucket chain at second floor. * Lead pipes was carried water from a series of cistern to the heating tanks and cold plunge * Casa dell albergo a private house in the town driven water from a wheel. Her-Bc1 Herculaneum Bc1 145 Herculaneum bucket-chain to lift water for “Terme del Foro”
Nemi 1 Italy two bucket-chain pumps with cranks and flywheels (inaccurate restoration) Nem1-Bc Nemi 1 175 second quarter of I (I AD-II AD) Nemi 1 bucket-chain drain the bilge
Hermoupolis 1 Egypt it was located in the centre of the temple “Touna el Gebel” *the water was provided by an adjacent well served by two well pulleys (?) and a gear driven pot garland or bucket-chain a ground level fountain was driven by a chain containers turned by a saqiya gear. * two machines were required here due to the great depth of the well (88m) Heris-Bc2 Hermoupolis 1 Bc2 146 I BC-II BC? Hermoupolis 1 bucket-chain to fill the fountain basin
Cyrene (Libya) Graeco-Roman Lybia Ritual bath was connected to female worship of Artemis, there is a shaft which opens on a rock-cut water-tunnel fed by springs. bucket-chain installation (probably it turned by treading a vertical wheel? the rock-cut chambers seems to be Hellenistic, replacement during the empire by means of maintenance Cyrene Cyrene (Libya) 227 IV BC-Roman Cyrene (Libya) bucket-chain the cistern was served by a bucket-chain in the shaft
Pompeii 2 (Terme Stabiane) Roman Italy nstallation for tread-wheel-driven bucket chain , possibly geared the northeast shaft wall is heavily encrusted with lime deposited by water lifted within it. Pom2-Bc1 Pompeii 2 (Terme Stabiane) 162 II BC-early I BC Pompeii 2 (Terme Stabiane) bucket-chain
Pompeii 4 (Terme del foro) Roman Italy Installation for a tread-wheel driven bucket-chain date: Ca 80 BC lime incrustation along the walls of the well Pom4-Bc3 Pompeii 4 (Terme del foro) 165 I BC Pompeii 4 (Terme del foro) bucket-chain providing water for a bath
Barzan Roman France gearing, wood of a bucket chain found http://archeovision.cnrs.fr/pdf/vr03_pdf/03_coadic.pdf Bar-Bc Barzan 168 149-166 Barzan bucket-chain
Saalburg Roman Germany The buckets and pulleys were foung, most likely were in use for raising water from the wells (at least 99 wells were excavated). Bad Homburg buckets and pulleys I-II AD Saalburg bucket-chain raise water from a well

Bad Homburg

Bad Homburg vor der HöheHesse
Cosa 2 Roman Italy two stages of a bucket-chain driven by a human-powered saqiya gear Cosa 2 Cosa 2 226 first quarter of I BC and second half of I AD Cosa 2 bucket-chain
Cosa 1 Roman Italy Acropolis baths elevated cistern, shaft, and water channel strongly suggests the presence of a bucket-chain installation? Cosa 1 Cosa 1 (Italy) 225 Ca 150-125 BC Cosa 1 bucket-chain to lift water for the baths

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