Title Age Country General description Machine code Modern name Namesort descending number other names Period Title Type Use Location
Benfeld (Alias Ehl-Kertzfeld, Strasbourg Area, ancient Helvetum, France) Imperial France storage vessel found in the well dates back to 2nd-3rd c. A.D. Kertzfeld in a Roman well (2km west of Benfeld, 25 km south west of Strasbourg, 10km west of the Rhine) Ben-Fp Benfeld (Alias Ehl-Kertzfeld, Strasbourg Area, ancient Helvetum, France) Benfeld pump 2 Kertzfeld II-III AD Benfeld (Alias Ehl-Kertzfeld, Strasbourg Area, ancient Helvetum, France) force pump to lift water
Tadeo-Irun Imperial Spain During the excavations at Tadeo Murgia-Irun, a piece of force-pump (a valve) recovered from the archaeological sediments at the Roman port Oiasso Tadeo Murgia-Irun Ctesibius Bomba-force pump I AD-II AD Tadeo-Irun force pump unknown
Bertrange Roman Luxembourg the betrange pump was used in a fixed-installation at ground level to raise water to a header tank, later placed in the newly dug well in the fort to raise water from it. Bert-Fp Bertrange force pump II-III AD Bertrange force pump raising water
Rome 1 (Località Colle Mentuccia) Imperial Italy the pump was found at the bottom of a shaft, maybe one of those dug to construct Aqua Appia *no remains preserved *Stein's suggestion: the Mentuccia pump was an early design which less advanced than the generic design. *the piston design shows parallels with the pistons of the Zewen-Oberkirch pump Ro1-Fp Rome 1 (Località Colle Mentuccia) 193 I AD (this date is Stein's suggestion. Maybe it is even not a Roman pump) Rome 1 (Località Colle Mentuccia) force pump *1* raise water from a well 2*dewatering the chamber 3*fighting fire
Speronari Imperial Italy the well where the pump was found dated to 2nd-4th A.D. the pump can be from same period it was not in operational position but it can not be used as fire-extinguisher since it has long and narrow liners Spe-Fp Milan II-IV AD Speronari force pump raising water for irrigatation

Via Speronari

Périgueux Imperial France the date of the pump relies on the dates of finds from the well. The well was dug-first half of the 1st c. A.D. the well was very close to the kitchen of the domus and could have been connected to them by a set of pipes. (to raise water) the pump was dumped ( jeteé) into the well, however evidence suggests that the pump was found in its operating position (Stein 2014) the Périgueux pump show many feautures which indicate an innovative approach, which adapts the generic design to make the pump more robust, easier to manufacture, to instal and repair. II AD (second half of II) Périgueux force pump to raise water from the well it was found.
Trier 1 (Fleischstraße) Imperial Germany Wood-block force-pump no evidence to date however three Roman pumps from Trier dated to 3rd c A.D. and two more are dated to 3rd-4th c. A.D. therefore it should be also in that range Tri-Fp1 Trier 1 (Fleischstraße) 203 III-IV AD Trier 1 (Fleischstraße) force pump to raise water from the well it was found.


Silchester (Calleva Atrebatum) Roman United Kingdom Roman town of Calleva Atrebatum, 12 km south of Reading Silc-Fp Silchester (Calleva Atrebatum) 197 II-V AD Silchester (Calleva Atrebatum) force pump
Wederath-Hunsrück (Vicus Belginum, Trier Area) Roman Germany Wood-block force pump Huns-Fp Wederath-Hunsrück (Vicus Belginum, Trier Area) 208 Ca 247 Wederath-Hunsrück (Vicus Belginum, Trier Area) force pump
Sotiel Coronada 1 (Valverde del Camino) Imperial Spain SoCo1-Fp Sotiel Coronada 1 (Valverde del Camino) 198 I AD Sotiel Coronada 1 (Valverde del Camino) force pump spreying water to cut rocks
St.Malo (Brittany) Roman France a Roman port, just SW of St. Malo, Reginca it seems like the installation was ambitious, may even bronze rather than lead or iron. In conclusion, St. Malo examples are an attempt to produce a novel and prestigious installation, which did not live up to expectations. Malo-Fp St.Malo (Brittany) 194 20-270 AD St.Malo (Brittany) force pump to raise water from the small basin to a higher level of a pipeline or a channel, which led to a point where containers carried on carts were filled.
Trier 2 (Amphitheatre) Roman Germany Tri-Fp2 Trier 2 (Amphitheatre) 204 III-IV AD Trier 2 (Amphitheatre) force pump
Trier 3 (Heiligkreuz) Roman Germany Tti-Fp3 Trier 3 (Heiligkreuz) 205 III-IV AD Trier 3 (Heiligkreuz) force pump

Heiligkreuzer Straße

Heiligkreuzer Straße
Castrum Novum (Chiaruccia, Santa Marinella) Imperial Italy a force pump near Civita Vecchia , N of Rome Casrum Novum Castrum Novum (Chiaruccia, Santa Marinella) 221 I AD Castrum Novum (Chiaruccia, Santa Marinella) force pump the pump was used to raise water for the public baths
Lincoln Roman United Kingdom since the Roman town located on a hill top, the water must have either been pushed through the pipeline by means of a force-pump or have flowed through an inverted siphon fed by a cistern most likely similar to Silchester pump with wood-block model *the use of the bucket-chain to fill the siphon probably would have allowed significantly greater discharge than the use of a pump, although its installation would have been more difficult. Linc-Fp&Bc? Lincoln 155 Late I? Lincoln force pump for drinking water


East Bight
Sablon (Metz) Roman France the pump was found in 1905, near village of Sablon, on the southern outskirts of Metz (eastern France), about 1.5km from its centre. Sablon name: the area is known for its sandy ground Sab-Fp Sablon (Metz) 172 III-IV AD Sablon (Metz) force pump it raised water for pottery making