# Mikrowelt: Nonlineare Diffusionsprozesse

"Mass defect"

As with nuclear fission, the fusion energy results from a tiny mass difference between initial and final products, the "mass defect".

The amount of binding energy released this way corresponds to Einstein's energy equivalent of mass.

The binding energy of atomic nucleons shows a minimum for iron; therefore energy gain is possible for heavy nuclei by fission, but for light ones by fusion.

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