Convivencia: Iberian to Global Dynamics (500-1750)

Portuguese: A Christian and a Muslim women playing chess together. From  "Libro de Ajedrez, dados e tablas"  by Alfonso X el sabio. Biblioteca del Monasterio de El Escorial.


The Convivencia-Project investigates the cooperative and conflictual interactions of different cultural and religious communities in the Iberian world from the sixth to the eighteenth centuries.


By setting the temporal limits from the sixth to the eighteenth century, and with a pluridisciplinar team, the project will draw new attention to the already heterogeneous situation on the Iberian peninsula preceding the Muslim invasion in 711 as part of (trans-) Mediterranean networks.


It will furthermore reassess the cultural, religious, legal, mercantile and artistic polyglot exchanges and forms of coexistence from the early eighth to the late fifteenth century, until the final expulsion of the Muslim and Jewish population.


It will question the cultural memories and new models of Convivencia for the period after the Spanish and Portuguese Empires stretched from Latin America to the Pacific and when the entanglement of microhistories and macro-histories and transregional connectivity came prominently into play.


Convivencia has often been idealized as a harmonic and peaceful ‘coexistence’ of Christian, Jewish and Muslim communities in the Iberian Peninsula from 711 until 1492, a notion that has been challenged, when violent conflicts and exclusion practices were given more scholarly consideration. Today, the concept of Convivencia has to be rethought on an expanded disciplinary, temporal and geographical scope of inquiry, testing its validity and shortcomings within and beyond its traditional framework.